Matthew 20: The Eleventh Hour Laborers
THE ELEVENTH-HOUR CALL
Prayer Thought: COL 127:4; or CSW 28-30.
This parable is generally understood as the parable of grace. It
reveals that in worldly business, compensation is given according to
that which one earns. But in the parable, Christ illustrates that His
kingdom is not governed by any human standard. This point is
forcibly set forth by the Householder who pays the laborers the same
wage whether they have worked one hour or all day.
The purpose of our study today, however, is to look deeper into the
message of this parable ‘to sink th
e shaft deeper into the mine of
truth.’ (CW 41).
The various transactions.
a. All calls were made at 3 hour intervals, except for the last (the 11
th hour call).
Whom Does The Householder Symbolize?
—God the Father
What Do The Laborers Symbolize?
What Is The Meaning Of The Vineyard?
301 or 6
—the world —the place where the saints labor.
What Is The Meaning Of The Market Place?
Those standing idle in the market
place are those standing in the
church. See also
The Ancient Time Clock
In the days of Christ and even now in some countries, time is
regulated by sunset at twelve o'
clock. Near the equator where the
days and nights are continually equal, the sun sets at twelve and rises
at twelve. Therefore, six o'clock would be noon in the light part (top
part of the chart), and six o'clock in
the dark part would be midnight
(bottom part of the chart). This is the kind of time Jesus used in the
parable. See John 11:9.
Who Are The Early Morning Laborers?
The Jews/Ancient Israel were the first ones called into the Lord's
They are the only ones with whom God made an agreement
(covenant). See Ps. 105:8-11
b. To all the other laborers the Householder sent out saying,
‘Whatsoever is right that shall ye receive.’ (See also
When Were The First Laborers Called Into The Vineyard?
When the sun was rising (early in the morning).
The Bible is our spiritual sun or light.
V; Hag. 2:5
Thus, the Israelites were sent into
the vineyard just when the spiritual
sun (the Bible) was coming into existence.
What Was The Message Of Israel?
a. The sanctuary service along with the ceremonial system.
b. The ceremonial system in connection with the sanctuary as a
new or original truth (n
ot understood before).
So must it be with
the following calls.
Who Are The Third Hour Laborer?
The message of the Jews met its fulfillment at the cross. Thus, then
call must have come somewhere around the crucifixion of Christ.
b. This was the time of the Gospel, the next new and original new
—The Apostles were the next laborers. The Lord
called and sent them to the vineyard.
—We note that providentially Christ was crucified at
hour, and that the Apostles re
ceived the outpouring of the
Holy Spirit at the 3
hour of the day. This reveals God's special
providence in correlating the literal 3
hour with the spiritual/
Who Are The Sixth Hour Laborers?
The only new truth after the early Christian church was the
message of the 2300 days and the second advent of Christ,
proclaimed by Miller and his associates. They announced the
Judgment to the world.
b. The sixth hour laborers could
be the Protestant Reformers
because their endeavors were purely to restore old down-
trodden truths, not to reveal new ones. In other words, they
taught the same truths as the Apostles.
Who Are The Ninth Hour Laborers?
The only movement with a freshly revealed truth after Miller and his
co-laborers would be that of the SDA church coming up in 1844
teaching the Judgment of the de
ad —the Third Angel's Message.
The Sixth And Ninth Calls Are Closely Related
Both calls or movements are connected. One picked up where
the other left off. Both movements are connected by the same
year (1844) One ended (First-day Adventists) in 1844, the other
(SDA) started the same year.
Who Are The Eleventh Hour Laborers?
The faithful SDA's who will proclaim the loud cry to the whole world.
is the last on record coming just one hour
before sunset (end of time—John 9:4).
b. The call comes within the time period (3 hours) allotted to the
Ninth hour workers, indicating that the 11th hour call is NOT
but a laymen's movement—A Call Within A Call.
It also shows that something has gone wrong, and the work of
finishing the Gospel is delayed—not progressing as it should. Thus,
another call had to be made just
one hour before sunset.
d. If all the previous calls were new truths then the 11th hour call
also be a new truth.
e. This shows, too, that
message is to come
church to finish the Gospel.
What Is The Eleventh Hour Message?
Here we see that the Third Angel's message is to be followed by
another angel who is to lighten the earth with its glory. (Rev. 18)
—This angel is not flying in the midst of heaven, but is come down.
Therefore, it cannot be the same
as the three angels of Rev. 14.
(the whole page) an additional message to the third.
Points Of Emphasis In
Fourth angel gives ‘power’ and ‘force’ to the Third Angel's
message. Showing that He is an additional message, but
empowers the old.
b. He unites his voice with the third. Showing that he has his own
c. It prepares the people of God for the hour of temptation ahead.
Without it (this angel) the church would not be ready for the time
of trouble ahead.
d. When this message is to be given it must be fearlessly
proclaimed. This is not being done now. Therefore, this call is yet
e. It is an 'ADDITION’ to the Th
ird Angel's message. Therefore, this
other angel is a message separate and apart from the third
message, but will give power and force to it swelling it to a loud
cry. It is not the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, but a message
which prepares the church for it.
The Call To Come Out Of Babylon Is Not Being Given Today?
a. We note here that the fall of Babylon is not yet complete and
she has not made all nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of
her fornication. Hence, the message and call of Rev. 18 is still yet
383 (1888 Edition)
a. ‘The message of Revelation 14 announcing the fall of Babylon
must apply to religious bodies that were once pure and have
become corrupt. Since this message follows the warning of the
judgment, it must be given in the last days, therefore, it cannot
refer to the Romish church, for that church has been in a fallen
condition for many centuries. Furthermore, in the eighteenth
chapter of the Revelation
in a message which is yet future
people of God are called upon to come out of Babylon.’
b. This shows that the angel of Rev. 18 is a message and that it had
not yet come at that time.
Who Are The Eleventh Hour Workers?
a. —The 144,000 is the only group
specially from the SDA Church (9*
-12* hour movement).
a. —tells us that they are servants of God —preachers to finish the
Gospel in the vineyard (the world).
b. Therefore, the 11
hour workers must be the
church purified-144,000. See outlin
e on Revelation 7, part 1 for
The 11th hour Call is an additional message that comes to the SDA
Church first, seals the 144,000 and prepares them to proclaim the last
gospel proclamation. Without this additional message of Revelation
18, there will be no power and force to the Third Angel's message.